Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms
1. Memory loss
Forgetting recently learned information is one of the most common early signs of dementia. A person begins to forget more often and is unable to recall the information later.
What’s normal? Forgetting names or appointments occasionally.
2. Difficulty performing familiar tasks
People with dementia often find it hard to plan or complete everyday tasks. Individuals may lose track of the steps involved in preparing a meal, placing a telephone call or playing a game.
What’s normal? Occasionally forgetting why you came into a room or what you planned to say.
3. Problems with language
People with Alzheimer’s disease often forget simple words or substitute unusual words, making their speech or writing hard to understand. They may be unable to find the toothbrush, for example, and instead ask for “that thing for my mouth.”
What’s normal? Sometimes having trouble finding the right word.
4. Disorientation to time and place
People with Alzheimer’s disease can become lost in their own neighborhood, forget where they are and how they got there, and not know how to get back home.
What’s normal? Forgetting the day of the week or where you were going.
5. Poor or decreased judgment
Those with Alzheimer’s may dress inappropriately, wearing several layers on a warm day or little clothing in the cold. They may show poor judgment, like giving away large sums of money to telemarketers.
What’s normal? Making a questionable or debatable decision from time to time.
6. Problems with abstract thinking
Someone with Alzheimer’s disease may have unusual difficulty performing complex mental tasks, like forgetting what numbers are for and how they should be used.
What’s normal? Finding it challenging to balance a checkbook.
7. Misplacing things
A person with Alzheimer’s disease may put things in unusual places: an iron in the freezer or a wristwatch in the sugar bowl.
What’s normal? Misplacing keys or a wallet temporarily.
8. Changes in mood or behavior
Someone with Alzheimer’s disease may show rapid mood swings – from calm to tears to anger – for no apparent reason.
What’s normal? Occasionally feeling sad or moody.
9. Changes in personality
The personalities of people with dementia can change dramatically. They may become extremely confused, suspicious, fearful or dependent on a family member.
What’s normal? People’s personalities do change somewhat with age.
10. Loss of initiative
A person with Alzheimer’s disease may become very passive, sitting in front of the TV for hours, sleeping more than usual or not wanting to do usual activities.
What’s normal? Sometimes feeling weary of work or social obligations.
If you recognize any warning signs in yourself or a loved one, we recommend consulting a doctor. You can start by talking with a care manager to discuss your concerns and even find the right diagnostician if you need a referral. Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease or other disorders causing dementia is an important step to getting appropriate treatment, care and support services.
Everyone forgets a name or misplaces keys occasionally. Many healthy people are less able to remember certain kinds of information as they get older.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are much more severe than simple memory lapses. If you or someone you know is experiencing Alzheimer’s disease symptoms, consult a doctor or eldercare professional.
The difference between Alzheimer’s disease and normal age-related memory changes
Someone with Alzheimer’s disease symptoms:
- Forgets entire experiences
- Rarely remembers later
- Is gradually unable to follow written/spoken directions
- Is gradually unable to use notes as reminders
- Is gradually unable to care for self
Someone with age-related cognitive changes:
- Forgets part of an experience
- Often remembers later
- Is usually able to follow directions
- Can use notes and other memory devices as reminders
- Is usually able to care for self (though may have physical limitations)
Information from the Alzheimer’s Association